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Belajar PAST PERFECT TENSE Dalam Bahasa Inggris Serta Contoh Penggunaanya

- January 22, 2020

PAST PERFECT TENSE 

Past perfect tense adalah suatu bentuk tense yang biasa digunakan untuk menyatakan bahwa suatu kegiatan, kelakuan atau aksi yang sudah selesai dilakukan pada waktu lampau, atau menjelaskan dua peristiwa telah atau sudah terjadi, tetapi menegaskan peristiwa atau kejadian mana yang terlebih dahulu terjadi.

A. KALIMAT VERBAL


Rumus : Subjek + had + past participle

1. Kalimat Berita (affirmative)

Contoh :

- I had done my work
(Saya telah melakukan pekerjaan saya)

- They had gone to school
(Mereka pergi ke sekolah)

- You had written a letter
(Anda telah menulis surat)

- We had studied biology
(Kami telah mempelajari biologi)

- She had cooked the dinner
(Dia telah memasak makan malam)

- He had played soccer
(Dia telah bermain sepak bola)

2. Kalimat Menyangkal (negative)

Contoh :

- I hadn't done my work
(Saya belum melakukan pekerjaan saya)

- They hadn't gone to school
(Mereka tidak pergi ke sekolah)

- You hadn't written a letter
(Anda belum menulis yang terakhir)

- We hadn't studied biology
(Kami belum belajar biologi)

- She hadn't cooked the dinner
(Dia belum memasak makan malam)

- He hadn't played soccer
(Dia belum bermain sepak bola)

3. Kalimat Tanya (interrogative)

Contoh :

- Had I done my work?
(Apakah saya sudah melakukan pekerjaan saya?)

- Had They gone to school?
(Apakah mereka pergi ke sekolah?)

- Had You written a letter?
(Apakah Anda menulis surat?)

- Had we studied biology?
(Sudahkah kita belajar biologi?)

- Had She cooked the dinner?
(Apakah Dia memasak makan malam?)

- Had he played soccer?
(Apakah dia bermain sepakbola?)

B. KALIMAT NOMINAL


Rumus : Subjek + had + been + bukan kata kerja

1. Kalimat Berita (affirmative)

Contoh :

- I had been very busy for 3 hours
(Saya sudah sangat sibuk selama 3 jam)

- They had been here since this morning
(Mereka sudah ada di sini sejak pagi ini)

- You had been late for ten minutes
(Anda sudah terlambat selama sepuluh menit)

- He had been very mad with me
(Dia sangat marah dengan saya)

- She had been in bandung since 1998
(Dia sudah di bandung sejak 1998)

2. Kalimat Menyangkal (negative)

Contoh :

- I hadn't been very busy for 3 hours
(Saya tidak terlalu sibuk selama 3 jam)

- They hadn't been here since this morning
(Mereka belum ada di sini sejak pagi ini)

- You hadn't been late for ten minutes
(Anda belum terlambat selama sepuluh menit)

- He hadn't been very mad with me
(Dia tidak terlalu marah dengan saya)

- She hadn't been in bandung since 1998
(Dia belum ada di bandung sejak 1998)

3. Kalimat tanya (interrogative)

Contoh :

- Had I been very busy for 3 hours?
(Apakah saya sudah sangat sibuk selama 3 jam?)

- Had they been here since this morning?
(Apakah mereka sudah ada di sini sejak pagi ini?)

- Had you been late for ten minutes?
(Apakah Anda terlambat selama sepuluh menit?)

- Had he been very mad with me?
(Apakah dia sangat marah dengan saya?)

- Had she been in Bandung since 1998?
(Apakah dia sudah di Bandung sejak 1998?)

PENGGUNAAN PAST PERFECT TENSE

1. Untuk menyatakan dua perbuatan/kejadian di waktu lampau, dimana kejadian pertama dalam bentuk past perfect tense, sedangkan kejadian berikutnya dalam bentuk past tense. Keterangan waktu yang sering terdapat dalam kalimat ini adalah just, already, after, before, as soon as dan lain-lain.

- He ran toward me after he had ascaped from the police
(Dia lari ke arah ku setelah melarikan diri dari polisi)

- When he had finished his dinner, he asked for the dessert
(Ketika dia selesai makan malam, dia meminta hidangan pencuci mulut)


2. Digunakan dalam indirect speech (kalimat tidak langsung).

- He said that he had sold his car
(Dia berkata bahwa dia telah menjual mobilnya)

- She said that she had found a new house
(Dia berkata bahwa di telah menemukan rumah baru)

Keterangan waktu yang sering digunakan dalam bentuk Past Perfect Tense antara lain :

- before : sebelum
- just : baru saja
- already : selalu
- after : setelah
- until : hingga
- as soon as : secepatnya


Tenses dalam bahasa inggris dapat digolongkan menjadi 16 bentuk waktu atau 16 tenses, yaitu :

1. Simple Present Tense
2. Present Continuous Tense
3. Present Perfect Tense
4. Present Perfect Continuous Tense
5. Simple Past Tense
6. Past Continuous Tense
7. Past Perfect Tense
8. Past Perfect Continuous Tense
9. Simple Future Tense
10. Future Continuous Tense
11. Future Perfect Tense
12. Future Perfect Countinuous Tense
13. Past Future Tense
14. Past Future Countinuous tense
15. Past Future Perfect Tense
16. Past Future Perfect Countinuous Tense

Keenam belas bentuk waktu di atas dapat di bentuk menjadi kalimat verbal (kalimat yang predikatnya kata kerja) dan kalimat nominal (kalimat yang predikatnya bukan kata kerja).


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