Belajar PAST FUTURE PERFECT TENSE Dalam Bahasa Inggris Serta Contoh Penggunaanya

- February 11, 2020

PAST FUTURE PERFECT TENSE

Past future perfect tense adalah suatu bentuk kata kerja atau tense yang biasa digunakan untuk membicarakan aktivitas, kegiatan, kelakuan, perbuatan, kejadian, aksi atau peristiwa yang tidak terjadi, mungkin terjadi, atau sebenarnya aktivitas atau kegiatan ini dapat dilakukan namun tidak berhasil dilakukan di masa lampau atau dimasa lalu.

A. KALIMAT VERBAL

Rumus: subjek + should/would + have + past participle

1. Kalimat Berita (affirmative)

Contoh :

- I should have gone, if you had called me
(Aku seharusnya pergi, jika kau memanggilku)

- They would have passed the exam, if they had studied hard
(Mereka akan lulus ujian, jika mereka belajar keras)

- I would have helped you, if you had needed my help
(Saya akan membantu Anda, jika Anda membutuhkan bantuan saya)

- We would have come to your house, if you had much time
(Kami akan datang ke rumah Anda, jika Anda punya banyak waktu)

- She would have visited me, if she had known my address
(Dia akan mengunjungi saya, jika dia tahu alamat saya)

- He would have met me, if he had come earlier
(Dia akan bertemu saya, jika dia datang lebih awal)

2. Kalimat Menyangkal (negative)

Contoh :

- I shouldn't have gone, if you haven't called me
(Saya seharusnya tidak pergi, jika Anda belum menelepon saya)

- They wouldn't have passed the exam, if they hadn't studied hard
(Mereka tidak akan lulus ujian, jika mereka tidak belajar keras)

- I wouldn't have helped you, if you hadn't needed my help
(Saya tidak akan membantu Anda, jika Anda tidak membutuhkan bantuan saya)

- We wouldn't have come to your house, if you hadn't much time
(Kami tidak akan datang ke rumah Anda, jika Anda tidak punya banyak waktu)

- She wouldn't have visited me, if she hadn't known my address
(Dia tidak akan mengunjungi saya, jika dia tidak tahu alamat saya)

- He wouldn't have met me, if he hadn't come earlier
(Dia tidak akan bertemu saya, jika dia tidak datang lebih awal)

3. Kalimat Tanya (interrogative)

Contoh :

- Should I have gone, if you had called me?
(Haruskah saya pergi, jika Anda memanggil saya?)

- Would they have passed the exam, if they had studied hard?
(Apakah mereka akan lulus ujian, jika mereka belajar keras?)

- Would have I helped you, if you hadn't needed my help?
(Apakah saya akan membantu Anda, jika Anda tidak membutuhkan bantuan saya?)

- Would we have have come to your house, if you hadn't much time?
(Apakah kami akan datang ke rumah Anda, jika Anda tidak punya banyak waktu?)

- Would she have visited me, if she hadn't known my address?
(Apakah dia akan mengunjungi saya, jika dia tidak tahu alamat saya?)

- Would he have met me, if he hadn't come earlier?
(Apakah dia akan bertemu saya, jika dia tidak datang lebih awal?)

B. KALIMAT NOMINAL

Rumus: subjek + should/would + have + been + bukan kata kerja

1. Kalimat Berita (affirmative)

Contoh :

- I should have been here, if you had arrived
(Aku seharusnya ada di sini, jika kamu sudah tiba)

- They would have been smart, if they had studied hard
(Mereka akan menjadi pintar, jika mereka belajar keras)

- I would have been in the dark, if I had turned off the lamp
(Aku akan berada dalam kegelapan, jika aku mematikan lampu)

- We would have been sick, if we had eaten the poisonous food
(Kami akan sakit, jika kami makan makanan beracun)

- She would have been there on time, if I had picked her up
(Dia akan berada di sana tepat waktu, jika aku menjemputnya)

- He would have been late, if the bust hadn't come on time
(Dia akan terlambat, jika patung itu tidak datang tepat waktu)

2. Kalimat Menyangkal (negative)

Contoh :

- I shouldn't have been here, if you haven't arrived
(Aku seharusnya tidak berada di sini, jika kamu belum tiba)

- They wouldn't have been smart, if they hadn't studied hard
(Mereka tidak akan pintar, jika mereka tidak belajar keras)

- I wouldn't have been in the dark, if I hadn't turned off the lamp
(Aku tidak akan berada dalam kegelapan, jika aku tidak mematikan lampu)

- We wouldn't have been sick, if we hadn't eaten the poisonous food
(Kami tidak akan sakit, jika kami tidak makan makanan beracun)

- She wouldn't have been there on time, if I hadn't picked her up
(Dia tidak akan ada di sana tepat waktu, jika aku tidak mengangkatnya)

- He wouldn't have been late, if the bust had come on time
(Dia tidak akan terlambat, jika patung itu datang tepat waktu)

3. Kalimat Tanya (interrogative)

Contoh :

- Should I have been here, if you had arrived?
(Haruskah saya di sini, jika Anda telah tiba?)

- Would they have been smart, if they had studied hard?
(Apakah mereka akan pintar, jika mereka belajar keras?)

- Would I have been in the dark, if I had turned off the lamp?
(Apakah aku akan berada dalam kegelapan, jika aku mematikan lampu?)

- Would we have been sick, if we had eaten the poisonous food?
(Apakah kita akan sakit, jika kita makan makanan beracun itu?)

- Would she have been there on time, if I had picked her up?
(Apakah ia telah ada pada waktu, jika saya menjemputnya?)

- Would he have been late, if the bust hadn't come on time?
(Apakah dia akan terlambat, jika patung itu tidak datang tepat waktu?)

PENGGUNAAN PAST FUTURE PERFECT TENSE

1. Umumnya digunakan dalam kalimat pengadaian (conditional) type-3, yaitu pengadaian yang sudah pasti tidak akan terpenuhi/tidak mungkin terjadi, karena menunjukan kejadian atau peristiwa lampau.

- If he had studied hard, he would have passed his examination
(Jika dia belajar dengan giat, dia akan sudah lulus ujian)

- If you had come to my house, you would have met my sister
(Jika kamu datang ke rumahku, kamu akan sudah bertemu dengan saudara prempuanku.)

 Keterangan waktu yang sering digunakan dalam bentuk Past Future Perfect Tense antara lain :

- on ... last week : pada hari ... minggu lalu
- on sunday last week : pada hari minggu lalu
- in ... last year : pada ... tahun lalu
- in november last year : pada november tahun lalu
- at ... yesterday : pada ... kemarin
- at 10 o'clock yesterday : pada jam 10 kemarin

Belajar Bahasa Inggris Online


Tenses dalam bahasa inggris dapat digolongkan menjadi 16 bentuk waktu atau 16 tenses, yaitu :

1. Simple Present Tense
2. Present Continuous Tense
3. Present Perfect Tense
4. Present Perfect Continuous Tense
5. Simple Past Tense
6. Past Continuous Tense
7. Past Perfect Tense
8. Past Perfect Continuous Tense
9. Simple Future Tense
10. Future Continuous Tense
11. Future Perfect Tense
12. Future Perfect Countinuous Tense
13. Past Future Tense
14. Past Future Countinuous tense
15. Past Future Perfect Tense
16. Past Future Perfect Countinuous Tense

Keenam belas bentuk waktu di atas dapat di bentuk menjadi kalimat verbal (kalimat yang predikatnya kata kerja) dan kalimat nominal (kalimat yang predikatnya bukan kata kerja).


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